The Snack Bar multi-purpose trough holds 6-8 kg of dry food or 15 litres of liquid. The units are 650 mm long, 200 mm wide and 130 mm deep. The moulded hooks fit rails up to 25 mm wide and there is a moulded drain for easy cleaning.
The Munch trough is a fence, rail or gate mounted feed trough for a variety of animals, including calves, horses and deer. The trough has a high back, and sides to prevent spillage plus moulded hooks (rather than attached steel hooks) to fit rails up to 50 mm thick. Munch troughs are 800 mm long, 300 mm wide and the back is 530 mm high, while the trough itself is 200 mm deep. The unit weighs 4 kg and will hold 20 kg of pellets or chaff.
Note for dairy farmers: developing a healthy rumen in your calves is important to ease the transition from a pre-ruminant to a ruminant animal. Calves are borne pre-ruminant, and as they develop they become ruminants. In other words, as a milk-drinking calf, the rumen is the smallest stomach while the abomasum, where milk is digested, is the largest. As the calf starts to eat grain and meal the abomasum shrinks while the rumen increases in size and develops papillae, preparing to take over as the primary gut. The lining of a healthy rumen is covered with papillae – protrusions that enlarge the surface area for nutrient absorption.
Trials show that a calf’s rumen develops earlier if the calf is fed solid feeds such as grains and meals as early as possible. Grain produces the fatty acids butyrate and propionate when fermented that are essential for the development of rumen papilla. Ensure there is plenty of fresh, clean water available. Water increases the uptake of grains as well as multiplying the growth of micro–organisms, essential to a healthy rumen. The water should be available from the first day of a calf’s life and calves should drink water from a trough not suckle it from a teat. Water needs to be directed to the rumen which happens when calves drink from a trough or bucket; water suckled from a teat is directed to the abomasum.
Although calves nibble at grass and hay, these products do little to aid in rumen development. They produce acetate which has no effect on papillae development. Calves fed on milk, grass and hay eventually develop working rumens but it takes much longer and you will have to feed milk for a longer period of time. Early rumen development leads to less scours, healthier calves and better average daily weights. Calves with good rumen development are less likely to experience a drop in condition when fully weaned off milk.
When used as a water trough the Snack Bar has an enclosed Reln float valve fitted. The Reln valve is 185 mm long, 80 mm wide and 80 mm high with a 20 mm male thread inlet, and it may be used with pressures up to 100 psi or greater. The unit has a fully protected tongue so animals cannot play with it and flood the pens or stable. The smaller volume of liquid in the trough ensures that water refills quickly and remains fresh. One water trough can be used between two adjoining calf pens and the access to fresh, clean trough water encourages calves to eat more grain/meal for faster development of the rumen.